The Khyentse Lineage
, Khyentse Öser (1729-1798) Jigme Lingpa
tertön, discoverer of the Longchen Nyingtik cycle of Dzogchen teachings. His name Khyentse Öser is the origin of the Khyentse lineage name.
Madhyamaka / Dzogchen Lineage in Tibet
Khenpo Appey Rinpoche (1927-2010)
Student of Jamyang Khyentse Chökyi Lodrö, tutor of Dzongsar Khyentse Rinpoche, founder of Sakya College in India & International Buddhist Academy in Nepal (
KF bio / IBA bio / rigpawiki).
Ju Mipham, Jamgön Mipham Gyatso (1846-1912)
Nyingma/ Rimé master who synthesised Madhyamaka view of emptiness, Mahayana view of Buddha nature and Dzogchen view of luminous nonceptual wisdom ( Treasury of Lives / wikipedia / rigpawiki)
, Longchen Rabjam (1308-1364) Longchenpa
Renowned Nyingma master, wrote extensively on
Nyingma and Dzogchen including the Seven Treasuries, and transmitted the Longchen Nyingtik lineage to Jigme Lingpa.
Rongzom Pandita (1012-1088)
One of the three “omniscient” Nyingma masters with Longchepa and Ju Mipham, wrote
Entering the Way of the Great Vehicle to explain Dzogchen as summit of Madhyamaka ( wikipedia / rigpawiki)
Madhyamaka Lineage in India
Kamalashila (c.740-795 CE)
Went to Tibet with his master Shantarakshita, defeated the Chan master Moheyan (摩诃衍) at the “Council of Lhasa”, thereby founding Tibetan Buddhism on the Indian Madhyamaka tradition (
wikipedia / rigpawiki).
(c.725-788 CE) Shantarakshita
Founder of Yogachara-Svatantrika-Madhyamaka, uniting the traditions of Nagarjuna and Asanga. Abbot of Nalanda University. Built first Buddhist monastery in Tibet at Samye.
(c.600-650 CE) Chandrakirti
Follower of Buddhapalita and Prasangika-Madhyamaka tradition, author of
Madhyamakavatara (Introduction to the Middle Way), the main text still used by Tibetan monastic colleges to study Madhyamaka.
(c. 500-578 CE) Bhaviveka
Founder of Svatantrika-Madhyamaka, commentator on Nagarjuna’s Mulamadhyamakakarika, criticized Buddhapalita for refuting other views without setting out his own logic.
(c.470-550 CE) Buddhapalita
Founder of Prasangika-Madhyamaka, commentator on Nagarjuna’s Mulamadhyamakakarika, criticized by his contemporary Bhaviveka then later affirmed by Chandrakirti.
(c.175-275 CE) Aryadeva
Disciple of Nagarjuna who devoted his life to continuing his master’s work, writing many Madhyamaka texts. Also known as Kanadeva (迦那提婆), the 15th Chan patriarch.
(c.150-250 CE) Nagarjuna
Founder of Madhyamaka, revealer of Prajñaparamita Sutras, one of the 84 mahasiddhas, author of
Mulamadhyamakakarika (Fundamental Verses on the Middle Way).
Page last updated December 25, 2020