Link colours: external dictionaries in green, internal website links in light blue, external website links in dark blue
≫ Faxian (Chinese: 法顯 / 法显, pinyin: Fǎxiǎn, also transliterated Fa-Hien, Fa-hsien; Sanskrit: फ़ाहियान) (337-422) = a 4th century Chinese Buddhist monk and translator who traveled by foot from China to India, visiting sacred Buddhist sites in Central Asia, the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia between 399-412 to acquire Buddhist texts. On his return, he translated the six-fascicle version of the Mahāparinirvāṇa-sūtra (Chinese: 涅槃經, pinyin: Nièpán jīng) (T 376; translated with Buddhabhadra 佛陀跋陀羅, pinyin: Fótuóbátuóluó); and some forty fascicles of Vinaya materials, including the Mahāsāṃghika-vinaya (T 1425; also in collaboration with Buddhabhadra). He described his journey in his travelogue Foguo Ji, “A Record of Buddhist Kingdoms” (Chinese: 佛國記, pinyin: Fó guó jì).
• see also: Xuanzang (7th century Chinese Buddhist monk who traveled to India)
• external links: wikipedia / Digital Dictionary of Buddhism
Four Noble Truths – see cattari ariyasaccani (Pāli ≫ main entry).