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≫ 2 truths = absolute truth and relative truth – see denpa nyi (Tibetan ≫ main entry).
≫ 3 doors of liberation = (1) the ground is emptiness, (2) the path is without characteristics, (3) the result is beyond aspiration – see nam tar go sum (Tibetan ≫ main entry).
≫ 3 noble principles (also known as the “3 supreme methods”) = the principles that make the difference between practice being merely a way of bringing temporary relaxation, peace, and bliss and practice becoming a powerful cause for the awakening of oneself and others: (1) good in the beginning (bodhichitta), (2) good in the middle (maintaining view of nonduality), (3) good in the end (dedicating the merit) – see dampa sum (Tibetan ≫ main entry).
≫ 3 Turnings of the Wheel of Dharma – see tridharmachakra (Sanskrit ≫ main entry).
≫ 4 establishments of mindfulness – see cattaro satipatthana (Pāli ≫ main entry).
≫ 4 kinds of direct perception = (1) indriyapratyaksha (sense perception), (2) manasapratyaksha (mental perception), (3) svasamvedana (self-cognition), (4) yogipratyaksha (yogic direct perception) – see ngönsum zhi (Tibetan ≫ main entry).
≫ 4 maras = 4 obstructive forces – see düzhi (Tibetan ≫ main entry).
≫ 4 Noble Truths = (1) dukkha (suffering), (2) samudaya (origin of suffering), (3) nirodha (cessation of suffering) and (4) magga (the path which brings the cessation of suffering) – see cattari ariyasaccani (Pāli ≫ main entry).
≫ 4 pilgrimage sites = (1) Lumbini (birthplace of the Buddha), (2) Bodh Gaya (where Prince Siddhartha attained enlightenment under the bodhi tree), (3) Sarnath (where Buddha gave his first teaching) and (4) Kushinagara (where Buddha died and attained parinirvana) – see catusamvejaniyathana (Pāli ≫ main entry).
≫ 4 purposes of life = the four objects or aims of existence according to Hindu philosophy: (1) kama (desire, pleasure, love, psychological values); (2) artha (wealth, prosperity, material values); dharma (duty, moral values); moksha (liberation, spiritual values) – see purushartha (Sanskrit ≫ main entry).
≫ 4 seals = (1) impermanence (all compounded/conditioned things are impermanent), (2) unsatisfactoriness (all contaminated/defiled things are suffering), (3) nonself (all phenomena are without self/ inherent existence) and (4) peace (nirvana is peace / nirvana is beyond description) – see chökyi domzhi (Tibetan ≫ main entry).
≫ 4 stages of life = the four age-based life stages according to Hindu philosophy: (1) brahmacharya (student); (2) grihastha (householder); (3) vanaprastha (retired, forest-dweller); (4) sannyasa (renunciant, ascetic) – see ashrama (Sanskrit ≫ main entry).
≫ 5 buddha families = buddha (centre/white), vajra (east/blue), ratna (or jewel) (south/yellow), padma (or lotus) (west/red) and karma (or action) (north/green) – see pañchakula (Sanskrit ≫ main entry).
≫ 5 dhyani-buddhas = Mahavairocana (white), Akshobhya (blue), Ratnasambhava(yellow), Amitabha (red), Amoghasiddhi (green) – see pañchabuddha (Sanskrit ≫ main entry).
≫ 5 poisons = the five poisons in the Mahayana tradition. The five poisons consist of the three poisons (trivisha) of ignorance/delusion, attachment and aversion, together with two additional poisons: pride and jealousy. When their nature is realized, they manifest as the five wisdoms, which correspond to the five buddha families – see pañchakleshavisha (Sanskrit ≫ main entry).
≫ 5 vows = to abstain from killing, theft, sexual misconduct, falsehood and intoxication – see pañchashila (Sanskrit ≫ main entry).
≫ 6 paramitas = the six transcendent perfections, the six trainings that comprise the bodhisattva path: (1) dana (generosity), (2) shila (discipline), (3) kshanti (patience), (4) virya (diligence), (5) dhyana (meditative concentration), (6) prajña (wisdom, precise discernment, discriminating awareness) – see shatparamita (Sanskrit ≫ main entry).
≫ 6 Yogas of Naropa – see Naro Chödruk (Tibetan ≫ main entry).
≫ 8 Auspicious Symbols – see Tashi Tagyé (Tibetan ≫ main entry).
≫ 8-Fold Noble Path – see ariya atthangika magga (Pāli ≫ main entry).
≫ 8 metaphors of illusion = 8 metaphors/similes of illusion by Longchenpa (14th century Tibetan master) – see mayopama (Sanskrit ≫ main entry).
≫ 8 samsaric dharmas – see jigten chögyé (Tibetan ≫ main entry).
8 worldly concerns – see 8 samsaric dharmas.
≫ 9 yanas = the 9 vehicles according to the Nyingma classification of the Buddhist path – see tekpa gu (Tibetan ≫ main entry).
≫ 12 examples of illusion = 12 examples of illusion by Könchog Jigme Wangpo (18th century Tibetan scholar) – see mayopama (Sanskrit ≫ main entry).
≫ 12 links of dependent origination – see dvadasha pratityasamutpada (Sanskrit ≫ main entry).
≫ 32 major marks = the 32 physical characteristics of a buddha or enlightened being – see mahapurisa lakkhana (Pāli ≫ main entry).
≫ 37 factors of enlightenment (37 qualities conducive to awakening) – see sattatimsa bodhipakkhiya dhamma (Pāli ≫ main entry).