# A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

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 zafu (Japanese: 座蒲, zafu) = round meditation cushion, best known for its use in zazen Zen meditation.
• external links: wiktionary / wikipedia

≫ zangpo chöpa (Tibetan: བཟང་པོ་སྤྱོད་པ་, Wylie: bzang po spyod pa) = excellent conduct.

≫ zap (Tibetan: ཟབ་, the pronunciation is more like the English “zup” than “zap”; Wylie: zab) = profound, deep.

Zen (Japanese: 禅, zen) = meditative concentration, meditation, concentration; also refers to the school of Mahayana Buddhism that started as Chan in China and spread east to Japan becoming Zen – see dhyana (Sanskrit ≫ main entry).
• easily confused (terms related to meditation): bhavana / gom (Tibetan: སྒོམ་, Wylie: sgom) (development, training, cultivation) is different from dhyana / samten / jhana / chan / zen (meditative concentration, mental focus, attention), which is different from abhyasa / gom (Tibetan: གོམས་, Wylie: goms) (familiarization, becoming accustomed to, conditioning)
• external links: wiktionary / wikipedia

 zhak (Tibetan: བཞག་, Wylie: bzhag) = put, place, stay, remain, leave behind, leave alone; DJKR: zhak has the connotation of “leave it”, “leave it alone”, “just leave it as it is”.
• see also: nyamzhak (meditative equipoise) 

zhédang (Tibetan: ཞེ་སྡང་, zhédang; Wylie: zhe sdang) = aversion, dislike, enmity, hatred, hostility, ill-will – see dvesha (Sanskrit ≫ main entry). 

 zheljé (Tibetan: ཞལ་འབྱེད་; Wylie: zhal ‘byed) = open, unveil, inaugurate

≫ zhi (Tibetan: གཞི་, Wylie: gzhi; according to Dudjom Rinpoche the Sanskrit is आश्रय, ashraya; IAST: āśraya “seat, resting place”, but other scholars have स्थान, IAST: sthāna“place, proper or right place”) = ground, primordial state; basic ground, basic nature; ground of being. According to the Dzogchen teachings, the ground has three qualities: essence, nature and capacity/power/compassionate energy (ngowo rangzhin tukjé). Knowledge/realization of this ground is called rigpa.
• see also: ngowo rangzhin tukjé (essence, nature and capacity) ; rigpa (awareness)
* external links: wikipedia / rigpawiki

zhiné (Tibetan: ཞི་གནས་, zhiné; Wylie: zhi gnas) = calm abiding – see shamatha (Sanskrit ≫ main entry). 

 zhiwa (Tibetan: ཞི་བ་, zhi wa; Wylie: zhi ba; Sanskrit: शान्ति, shanti; IAST: śānti) = (a) peace, peaceful, pacification; tranquility; (b) calmness of mind; absence of passion. 

 Zhuangzi (Chinese: 莊子 / 庄子; pinyin: Zhuāngzǐ, literally “Master Zhuang”; formal name: 莊周 / 庄周; pinyin: Zhuāng Zhōu; also rendered as Chuang-Tzu, Chuang-Tze) (369-286 BCE) = an influential Chinese Taoist philosopher who lived around the 4th century BCE during the Warring States period. He is regarded as a transmitter and major innovator of the Taoist teachings of Laozi (老子), and also credited as the author of at least part of the work bearing his own name, the Zhuangzi, which is considered as one of the foundational texts of Taoism.
• see also: Laozi (Chinese philosopher, 6th century BCE)
• external links: wikipedia

 zok (Tibetan: ཟོག་, zok; Wylie: zog) = deception, fraud, deceit, falsehood; wares, things to be sold, merchandise.

 zokdzün (Tibetan: ཟོག་རྫུན་, zok dzün; Wylie: zog rdzun) = say what is not is.

 zungjuk (Tibetan: ཟུང་འཇུག་, zun juk; Wylie: zung ‘jug = “couple, pair; marry; hold, seize” + “go into, enter, participate; engage in; put, insert; allow, permit; make”; Sanskrit: युगनद्ध, IAST: yuganaddha = युग yuga “yoke” + नद्ध naddha “bound, tied, joined”) = union, indivisibility, primordial unity that resolves dualities; interpenetration, coalescence; used to describe the nonduality/primordial union of wisdom and compassion, ultimate truth and relative truth, etc.
• see also: yab-yum (literally “father-mother”, union of father and mother consorts) 

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Tibetan & Dzongkha Dictionaries & Translation Resources

Pali & Sanskrit Dictionaries & Translation Resources

Other Dictionaries & Translation Resources

Other Buddhist Resources

  • Access to Insight: Readings in Theravada Buddhism, including translations of more than 1000 suttas from the Pali Canon.
  • Himalayan Art: artworks from Tibet, Nepal, Bhutan, India, China and Mongolia, including large selection of Tibetan thangkas.
  • Lotsawa House: translations of Tibetan Buddhist texts, especially from the Nyingma and Rimé traditions.
  • Study Buddhism: Tibetan Buddhist teachings, including many by H.H. The Dalai Lama, with commentary by Dr. Alexander Berzin.
  • Terebess: Zen literature, koans, history and biographies of masters, by Gábor Terebess.
  • Treasury of Lives: “A Biographical Encyclopedia of Tibet, Inner Asia, and the Himalaya”.